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Mudah Memahami Continuous Tense

Gede Murta

Mungkin diantara kalian bingung dengan judul “Cerita masa lalu yang belum selesai” atau mungkin kalian ingin menceritakan kembali tentang masa lalu kalian yang mungkin belum sempat atau belum selesai dibahas. Ketika kalian ingin menceritakan suatu aksi (dengan durasi waktu tertentu) dan yang telah selesai pada suatu titik tertentu di masa lalu, cobalah kalian menggunakan ungkapan/kalimat berikut.

Coba perhatikan kejadian di bawah ini.

tijd_6past

I had been waiting for hours, when finally the bus arrived. Jadi dapat diartikan, saya telah menunggu berjam-jam ketika akhirnya bus tiba (kejadian ini terjadi masa lalu, bukan di masa sekarang). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa, past perfect continuous tense adalah suatu aksi yang terjadi dengan durasi waktu tertentu di masa lalu sebelum aksi yang lain terjadi di masa lampau.

Contoh lain:

  • We’d been playing badminton for about an hour, when it started to rain heavily.
  • Stacy went to the doctor last Wednesday. She hadn’t been feeling well for some time.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense juga digunakan ketika suatu aksi (dengan durasi waktu tertentu) dan yang telah selesai pada suatu titik tertentu di masa lalu, coba perhatikan contoh di bawah ini.

  • When the boys came into the house, their clothes were filthy, their hair was messy, and one of them had a wound. They’d been fighting.
  • When I went to Japan, I stayed with a friend of mine. She’s been living there only for a short time but knew city very well.

Perbandingan antara Present Perfect Continuous Tense dan Past Perfect Continuous Tense

      Present Perfect Continuous Tense                                Past Perfect Continuous Tense

present_perfect_continuous             past-perfect-continuous-tense

  • I hope Lisa comes soon, I have been        –  At the last Lisa came. I’d been waiting for 30

waiting for 30 minutes. (before now)          minutes. (before Lisa came)

  • Jack is out of breath. He has been            –  Jack was out of breath. He had been running.

running.

Perbandingan antara Past Continuous Tense dan Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  • It wasn’t raining when we went out. The sun was shining. But it had been raining, so the ground was wet.
  • Paula was sitting at the bench. She was very tired because she’d been working very hard.

Nah bagaimana, apakah sudah jelas? Mengenai kegunaan dari past perfect continuous tense. Mudah bukan? Apakah kalian sudah siap menceritakan masa lalu dengan mencoba menggunakan tenses di atas. Selamat mencoba dan jika kalian ingin belajar mengenai khususnya speaking dengan mempraktekkan semua tenses, kami adalah tempatnya. English café beralamat di Jalan Gunung Soputan I 16 A Denpasar. Hubungi kami di 0361 481910, dan dapatkan kelas gratisnya….

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